A glittering stone that’s incredibly popular, garnet is one of the more common gems on the market. However, common doesn’t mean boring, as you’re about to find out! Garnet is the collective name for a group of minerals. This varied mineral group makes the stone diverse and contributes to the wide range of red and orange colours. These stones have been around for over 5000 years, so they’ve certainly stood the test of time. They’re commonly used in jewellery and are often confused with rubies.
Occurrence and Mining
Due to its abundance and availability worldwide, garnet stone come in many forms and varieties. Currently, most of these gems come from the USA, India, Sri Lanka and Brazil, but they have been mined on almost every continent in the past. Because they are available in so many different colours, garnet stone prices can vary dramatically. They tend to range from around $500 a carat with inclusions, up to around $7000 per carat for the larger, clean stones. The most valuable garnet is Demantoid and it’s priced near the top of the spectrum.
virtually all colors, blue is very rare
Rhombic dodecahedron or cubic
conchoidal to unevenMohs scale hardness
Mohs scale hardness
vitreous to resinous